Vietnam urban sector has been the driving force for economic growth. However, cities are lack of capacity in terms of prioritizing planning and development needs to gain the dividends of progressive economic development. The centralized decision-making process hinders the more inclusive and participatory planning approach which can promote city competitiveness and sustainable development.
Despite its rapid growth on both economic and social context, Vietnam is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to climate change impact, including but not limited to; sea level rise, longer and more severe droughts, flooding and tropical cyclones; as is typical with climate change in this region the poorest are the most exposed. By 2050, a 1–3% loss in real GDP is predicted from climate change impacts.