Enhancing the resilience inclusive and sustainable eco-human settlement development – Vietnam

Enhancing the resilience inclusive and sustainable eco-human settlement development through small scale infrastructure interventions in the coastal regions of the Mekong Delta in Viet Nam

Background

In the Mekong Delta, river water and groundwater levels are decreasing, while sea levels, flood tides, and salt intrusion are on the rise, the water demand has also increased in production and daily activities due to industrialisation and population growth. The extraction of groundwater has increased rapidly over the past decades and resulted one of the main causes of groundwater salinization. The saltwater intrusion of groundwater in the Mekong Delta is a highly complex issue as it heavily depends on varying factors, including changes in water supplies, rising water demands, and the impact of climate change especially sea-level rise, drought, and rising temperature. Consequently, a growing number of provinces in the Mekong Delta are also experiencing depleted and degraded freshwater supplies for drinking and domestic use especially in the dry season. The solution for the saltwater intrusion is, however, very limited and most of them are not cost-effective nor applicable for certain conditions of the area.

In addition, there is a growing threat along the coastal zone in Mekong Delta regarding the coastal erosion issues due to several causes. The rapid expansion of aquaculture (mainly shrimp farming) in the Mekong Delta has contributed to economic growth and poverty reduction but has been accompanied by rising concerns over environmental and social impacts. The lack of an integrated approach to sustainable management, utilisation and protection of the coastal zone, and economic interests in shrimp farming have led to the unsustainable use of natural resources, thus threatening the protection function of the mangrove belt. The coastal zone is also affected by the impact of climate change. Climate change is predicted to increase the intensity and frequency of storms, floods, and sea-level rise.

In the case of the Mekong Delta, where water resources management and coastal erosion are particularly challenging, the project aims to establish a holistic policy framework for balancing the gap between local and national level governments and managing climate change risks by providing community-scaled hard interventions combined with soft interventions. The objective is to increase the adaptive capacity of local communities to cope with the impact of climate change.

Objectives

The Project’s main objective is to enhance the resilience, inclusive and sustainable eco-human settlement development through small-scale infrastructure interventions in the coastal regions of the Mekong Delta in Viet Nam.

Project Components

In the Mekong Delta, river water and groundwater levels are decreasing, while sea levels, flood tides, and salt intrusion

  • Component 1: Institutional and community capacity building toward eco-human settlement development for supporting to enhance local climate response actions;
  • Component 2: Action plan and strategy development for eco-human settlement, and integrating into planning and policy with participatory approach;
  • Component 3: Sustainability built through small-scale protective infrastructure;
  • Component 4: Awareness Raising and Knowledge Management

Donors and Key Project Stakeholders

Donor:

Adaptation Fund

Key Project Stakeholders:

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), including:

Project Management Unit for HREMRD Project

Institute of Strategy, Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE)

Department of Legal Affairs (DLA)

Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI)

Relevant Links

UN-Habitat and Adaptation Fund forging partnership with the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam – Inception Workshop for launching the project

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