Support to Land Reform Initiatives in Nepal


More than 60% of the population in Nepal is dependent on agriculture while some 20% are still landless squatters, slum-dwellers or share-croppers without security of land they operate. Land to the landless and home to the homeless has been the popular slogans since the democratic change of 1951 and a new land reform programme was initiated in 1964 but could not deliver the desired results. Access to land and land use conflicts have remained one of the triggers of popular agitations and even armed conflict (1996- 2006). The issue of landlessness and security of tenure over informal land-holdings was further highlighted during post-earthquake recovery and reconstruction in the aftermath of the 2015 massive earthquake which required submission of Land Ownership Certificate for access to housing grants. The 2015 Constitution of Nepal has set avenue for pro-poor land reform which required to be supported by necessary policy framework, legislation and technical tools for implementation.  

UN-Habitat has initiated support to land reform initiatives in Nepal since 2013 firstly through Multi Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) and later taken over by Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) funding.


The overall goal of the intervention is to support implementation of Fit-For-Purpose (FFP) Land Administration Country Strategy through pilot implementation, policy support and capacity development.


  • Research on Typology of Locally present Land Tenure Categories
  • Support to National Land Policy development
  • Support to Develop a FFP Land Administration Country Strategy for Nepal
  • Implementation of FFP approach for Identification, Verification and Recordation (IVR) of landless, slum dwellers and informal land tenure holders and applying Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) tools
  • Land Context Mapping Guidelines applying STDM tools and dissemination.
  • “Land Information System (LIS): System Specification and Project Road Map” documentation.
  • Support to Land Information System development for scale up.

Donors and Key Project Stakeholders



Key Project Stakeholders:

Ministry of Land, Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation (MoLMCPA), CSRC, LUMANTI, Provincial Governments, Municipal Governments, Local Developer

Relevant Links

UN-Habitat Nepal

Global Land Tool Network

Relevant Programme

Global Land Tool Network – GLTN

Relevant Publications

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