The increase of Iran’s population over the past 140 years from 7.65 million to 82 million in 2018 as well as a gradual shift of major economic opportunities towards urban areas, lead to a concentration of the population around major cities. Whereas in 2007, only 69.3 per cent of the population was living in urban areas, the share increased to 74.7 per cent in 2018. Rapid urbanization resulted in the formation of informal settlements, people residing in the outskirts of major cities emerged spontaneously, providing housing to mainly the urban poor who cannot afford to live within the cities.
Iran is also highly vulnerable to natural disasters, particularly earthquakes and is one of the most arid regions of the world, which suffers frequent droughts, floods and landslides. Within the nation’s high‐risk context, Tehran, the capital and political and economic centre of Iran, is one of the most earthquake‐prone cities in the world due to its position in the Alpine‐Himalayan mountain system.
For the last years, consistent funding from the people of Japan has allowed UN-Habitat to pursue its mandate to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities across Iran with the Sustainable Development Goal 11: Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. In response to the immediate needs and reconstruction from the devastating earthquakes and other multi hazards, Japan’s financial support to UN-Habitat has allowed for an effective response and build institutional and community resilience in cities across the country.
The project, Emergency Support to Safer Hospitals and Settlements, aims to establish the foundations toward disaster preparedness and enhanced response capacity, post-crisis recovery, and crisis risk reduction associated with natural hazards and pandemics – COVID-19 – for particularly hospitals, healthcare facilities, communities and vulnerable people.
The project conducts multi-hazard assessments, vulnerability analysis and retrofitting design of recently constructed hospitals, healthcare facilities, among similar facilities in 10 provinces. Demonstrating non-structural retrofitting construction of the selected vulnerable hospitals and healthcare centres, the non-structural retrofitting design and construction strengthens the buildings at risk as disaster-preparedness from a post-crisis recovery perspective.
As its principal, the project also intends to demonstrate the construction of the non-structural retrofitting for the vulnerable hospitals at risk, as it says in Japanese, “kintsugi”, transforming something vulnerable or broken stronger and building it back together better and more beautiful.
Increasing the level of knowledge of government and key partners, the project builds institutional capacity in the design, construction, operation, maintenance and management of healthcare centres and hospitals, and community reliance to the multi hazards. The project also presents an opportunity to bring together diverse stakeholders such as government officials, relevant professional societies and academia, engineers and architects as its primary beneficiaries.
Donors and Key Stakeholders
Government of Japan
Key Project Stakeholders:
Ministry of Roads and Urban Development; Ministry of Health and Medical Education; Road, Housing and Urban Development Research Center; Planning and Budget Organisation; International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES); Japan International Cooperation Agency
Inventory, Earthquake and Multi-Hazard Performance Evaluation of Selected Hospitals and Health Facilities in Islamic Republic of Iran
Humanitarian protection and community restoration in Kermanshah (BAHTAB)