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Sri Lanka


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Community Recovery and Reconstruction Partnership to Support the People's Process of Rebuilding (Completed)

Background

Noteworthy efforts have been made by the national and international community to assist the tsunami victims in rebuilding their homes. Despite these efforts, many people are still unable to rebuild their homes and live in transitional shelters, camps and tents. In Sri Lanka, UN-HABITAT has been effectively addressing the seamless transition from relief to reconstruction by adopting institutionalizing and mainstreaming a people centred approach to recovery and reconstruction.

Objectives

The primary objective of the Partnership was to assist identified communities and families rebuild their settlements and housing with the assistance of the grant from the Government and the additional financial and other support from the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in an integrated community based approach. Additional objectives were to assist families whose needs have not been addressed due to land tenure or other issues, resolve these issues at the local level and facilitate access to the Government grant.

Activities

* To enable people to rebuild their social capital through the organisation of representative bodies and establish their community level governance structures; (social capital)
* To enable the target communities to plan and rebuild essential damaged and destroyed basic facilities according to their priorities; (physical infrastructure)
* To facilitate access to reconstruction grants for families who have not yet received the Government grant by addressing these issues at the local level; (land tenure)
* To assist families who have not yet received the Government grant to complete applications and open bank accounts; (access to banking)
* To assist the families build their housing so that they can restart functioning as a normal stable family freeing them from the instability of life in temporary housing and camps; (family housing)
* To build the capacity of Sri Lanka Red Cross Branches to support disaster affected communities in the rebuilding process; (building a critical mass of support at national level)
* To assist the families establish their own banking system through a savings and credit cooperative to ensure economic stability and opportunities for entrepreneurship; (family economic stability)
* To help create employment from the investment of the rebuilding process as a way of contributing to the recovery of the local economy; (work opportunities)
* To make the community responsible for the reconstruction process as a way of rebuilding shattered communities and imparting self-reliance; (self reliance)
* To establish a self managed sustainable community with social facilities and livelihood opportunities; (community governance)
* To address emerging and unresolved issues that stand in the way of people's recovery process. (policy advocacy)

Results

The project assisted the reconstruction of 6,431 houses in 6 districts around the coast of Sri Lanka.

Development Partners / Partners

Development Partners: IFRC
Partners: Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, Reconstruction and Development Authority (RADA), Ministry of Urban Development and Water Supply, Ministry of Housing, provincial governments, local authorities, beneficiary communities.


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