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Sri Lanka


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Lunawa Lake Environment Improvement and Community Development Project (Completed)

Background and Objectives

The objective of this project is to mitigate flood damage by improving urban drainage and canal systems, while also improving the living conditions of project-affected households. The objectives of the Lake Environment Improvement and Community Development Project are to improve the environment and the quality of life for people in the Lunawa area by:
* alleviating floods through drainage system improvements, including the rehabilitation of existing canals and streams;
* creating a hygienic and pleasant environment; and
* upgrading the living conditions of communities.

Activities

The community development component aims to resettle families living on canal/lake banks and to upgrade underserved areas by providing basic facilities. The main activities are to:
* undertake enumeration surveys and take stock of re-settlement households;
* create awareness, social marketing and community-level development;
* develop and adopt resettlement strategy, policy and programme;
* develop and implement plans for re-settlement;
* develop and implement underserved settlement upgrading plans;
* develop and implement monitoring and grievance mechanisms; and
* restore income sources and prepare/implement livelihood development programmes.

Results

* A 'State of the Art' resettlement programme translating the National Involuntary Resettlement Policy developed and implemented for the first time. As a result, the project has successfully made 'Project Affected Persons' the real beneficiaries of the project, setting a national role model for future resettlement programmes;
* A Resettlement Policy, a Participatory Resettlement Strategy, and Process and Activity Plans developed with assistance from leading Non-Governmental Organizations;
* Project Affected Persons entitlement packages developed;
* Resettlement sites, layout plans and house designs prepared in consultation with beneficiaries;
* Resettlement programmes, tailor made to various categories, developed and implemented;
* Livelihood and Income Restoration Programme developed and implemented;
* Partnerships with two MCs established to implement the up-grading component;
* All beneficiaries resettled in the location of their choice;
* Major impact on national legislation: entitlement packages for affected persons incorporated in Land Acquisition Act 2009.
* Documentation of project experience completed, publication in print, published and printed.

Development Partners / Partners

Development Partners: Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC)
Partners: Ministry of Urban Development and Water Supply, Municipalities of Dehiwela-Mount Lavinia and Moratuwa, Sri Lanka Land Reclamation and Development Corporation


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