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Integrated Approaches to Poverty Reduction at Neighbourhood Level

Background and Objectives

The Integrated Approaches to Poverty Reduction at the Neighbourhood Level - A Cities Without Slums Initiative (IMPACT) project is a technical assistance initiative supported and funded by the Cities Alliance using the resources of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) as its members. The technical assistance was provided for the Philippine Government to develop the capabilities of the Local Government Units and the urban poor communities or the Homeowners Associations (HoAs) in key cities outside Metro Manila to work together and develop shelter upgrading plans for capital investment financing through the Development of Poor Urban Communities Sector Project (DPUCSP).

Activities

The main activities include the provision of technical assistance through formal training and coaching to key partners (HUDCC and DBP) and pilot cities on the following areas:
* Shelter and Neighbourhood Upgrading
* Social Development
* Income Security
* Policy Learning

Results (2008)

* Created/enhanced appropriate LGU structure like activation and/or strengthening of the Local Housing Boards and Housing Division/Units;
* Six cities developed their Shelter Plans that rationalized long-term services to the informal sector and helped the cities identify and implement high impact shelter programs/projects, policies, through legislative support and budget approvals;
* Established NGO-PO-LGU partnerships that created new and affordable financing opportunities for the poor to develop and upgrade community infrastructure, housing, livelihood and basic services;
* Recognized and approved direct HoA Lending modality at the Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP) as an alternative mode of financing for shelter development projects;
* Broadened HUDCC and DBP perspective and capacity on HoA lending project development;
* Created access to alternative resources and opportunities for livelihood and skills training that increased productivity/income and possible reintegration of the project beneficiaries to the labour market with strategic link to the business sector;
* Apart from construction, broadened community contracting schemes into other types like food catering, research services, etc.;
* Community facilities established through participatory planning approaches and adherence to provision in BP220;
* Increased women's participation in community development planning.

Development Partners / Partners

Development Partners: Cities Alliance
Partners: Housing and Urban Development Coordination Council


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