Background and Objectives
The month of August 2008 saw Pakistan suffer from a series of overlapping crises, leaving hundreds of thousands in need of humanitarian assistance. Counter-terrorism operations and inter-tribal violence in the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) and Swat district in NWFP has caused significant displacement. OCHA situation report of 29 July’2009 states that the national database and registration authority (NADRA) reports that the number of verified IDPs in Pakistan is 2,263,765 persons or 323,395 families. Many of these IDPs stay in public buildings such as schools, community building and mosque and as well as rented accommodation. Majority of IDP families preferred to stay with host families. The traditional hospitality of friends, families and tribal networks helped to absorb most of the displaced since the conflict worsened. However, absorption capacity is now exhausted, with host families themselves badly affected by the overall economic crisis, and with the availability of living space in settled areas is limited and expensive.
The intervention address two urgent issues; decrease the congestion of family by providing tents to IDPs in host families and facilitate emergency repair by IDPs and host families of deteriorated communities infrastructure where the large number of IDPs are concentrated.
The objective of the USAID project component is to improve shelter and living condition of extremely vulnerable IDPs hosted by vulnerable families, through the provision of tents, shelters, emergency repair material and WATSAN facilities as appropriate, thus reinforcing the absorption capacity of host communities.
- •Identification of most vulnerable IDPs families in host families for shelter assistance.
- •Shelters repaired by those affected, facilitated by UN-HABITAT and partner NGOs.
- •Improving IDPs living conditions facilitating traditional closures for privacy and covered space for cooking, with plastic sheeting also provided by UNHCR.
- •Emergency repair of community facilities identified by communities such as roads, pipe culverts, drainage system, water channels, mosque, latrines, footpaths, bridges and water points etc.
- •Provide assistance to improve access to water, sanitation and hygiene for IDPs and host families.
- •Training and on the job training for members of IDPs and host families and construction skills and livelihood improvement.
- •4,252 tents from UNHCR distributed to IDPs in Mardan, Swabi and Charsadda Districts
- •350 housing repair kits distributed and installed for IDPs and host families in Mardan, Swabi and Charsadda
- •590 temporary shelters (designed for IDPs) for IDPs long displacement in Mardan, Swabi and Charsadda Districts
- •40 community facilities repaired in host communities in Mardan, Swabi and Charsadda
- •80 schools repaired after the IDPs left, in Mardan Districts
- •173 tents from UNHCR distributed to returnees in Sultan Was, Buner, return area
- •60 temporary shelters (designed for return) in Sultan Was, Buner, return area
Development Partners / Partners
Partners: NDMA, Pakistan Humanitarian Forum (PHF), Shelter Cluster
- Pakistan Settlements Flood Recovery Project (PSFRP)
- Primary School Reconstruction in Muzaffarabad (Completed)
- Humanitarian Information and Coordination (Completed)
- Transitional Shelter Provision for Baluchistan Earthquake Victims (Completed)
- Shelter Assistance to IDPs Living Outside of Camps (Completed)
- Water and Sanitation Improvements in Informal Settlements (Completed)
- Disaster Risk Management
- Sustainable Urbanization and Sustainable Energy Construction
- Shelter Assistance to Returnees in Conflict-affected Areas in NWFP (Completed)
- Documenting and Communicating Results Achieved and Lessons Learnt in the Post 2005 Earthquake Rural Housing Reconstruction Programme
- Reconstruction of Girls School in Swat District
- Improving Living conditions of IDPs out off camps through WASH Interventions (Completed)
- Facilitating Access to Safer Land for Earthquake Victims (Completed)
- Strengthening Post-Earthquake Reconstruction
- Joint UN Post-Disaster Assessment Mechanisms (Completed)
- Emergency Shelter Kit Procurement and Distribution (Completed)
- Post-Flood Information Management and Coordination (Completed)
- Facilitating Access to Land for Earthquake Affected Families (Completed)
- Technical and Training Support for the Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (Completed)
- Support to Spontaneous Shelter Recovery in Earthquake-affected Villages (completed)
- Support To Spontaneous Shelter Recovery in Earthquake Affected Villages in Pakistan (completed)
- Technical Support for National Urban Poverty Alleviation Programme (Completed)