Myanmar is exposed to a range of natural hazards which are associated with different geological, hydrological and meteorological conditions. Hazards There are nine frequent hazards in the country namely cyclones, storm surges, floods, tsunami, landslides, earthquakes, drought, fires and forest fires. The country also lays in one of the two main earthquake belts of the world with a complex seism tectonic processes with several fault lines traversing across the country. The Sagaing fault is the most prominent active fault which runs North-South in Myanmar. According to a recent study future earth-quake of up to M~7.9 is likely to occur in central Myanmar. Many of the urban centers including Sagaing, Bago, and Taungoo cities are lying on the highest risk zone of the Sagaing fault. They have a population of more than 100,000 people and have recently undergone important urban development and are particularly vulnerable to the impact of an earthquake.
DIPECHO VIII Action Plan for South East Asia
The second round of DIPECHO funding for Myanmar focus on two specific targets in terms of hazards and areas:
- • As a consolidation of the first phase, actions will target coastal areas from Rakhine State to Tanintharyi Region for cyclone, tropical storm, storm surge, tidal wave as well as multi-hazard approaches;
- • Priority will be given to the most vulnerable communities with few coping mechanisms living in rural areas highly exposed to the above mentioned hazards;
- • In addition, earthquake preparedness measures will be launched, targeting urban and peri-urban areas along the Sagaing fault-line.
- • Promote safer construction in project area (8 Townships)
- • Support the development of Township Disaster Management Plans (TDMPs) in 4 townships
- • Carry out earthquake related assessments in 3 cities and make recommendations
- • Build DRR knowledge and awareness
- • Carpenter trainings were conducted in eight pilot townships to promote safer construction and prioritized small scale mitigation activities at the community level.
- • Training modules for Carpentry Trade (Construction) were developed along the lines of National Skills Standards Authority (NSSA) curriculum, at strategic level.
- • Trainings were conducted in focus on providing Competency Based Certification through MES’s on Occupational Skills Standards, and rollout trainings at township level.
- • Township Disaster Management Plan were reviewed and updated by strengthening Township Disaster Management Committee and Sub-committees through a process approach.
- • 15 sets of Training Aids (Laptop, Projector, Portable Audio System and Generator) were supported to Relief and Resettlement Department at National and State Region for training outreach and awareness programme.
Development Partners / Partners
Development Partner: DIPECHO
Relief and Resettlement Department, Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement
Department of Human Settlements and Housing Development, Ministry of Construction
Central Training School, Public Works Department Ministry of Construction
Myanmar Engineering Society
Myanmar Geo-Sciences Society
Myanmar Earthquake Committee
Regional Government, City and Township Authorities
- MCCR Partners:
Action Aid UK, Plan International, Oxfam International, Helpage International and Malteser International
- The Project for Emergency Support to Poor and Vulnerable Communities in Ethnic Areas
- A Short Step from Improved WASH to Healthier Communities
- The Programme for Emergency Assistance to Poor and Vulnerable Community in Ethnic Minority Areas and Yangon
- Safe and Sustainable Access to WASH for Rural Communities
- Shelter Recovery Programme – Post Giri Affected Areas
- Shae Thot ‘The Way Forward’
- Land Administration and Management Programme (LAMP) in Myanmar
- Safer Coastal and Urban Communities through DRR in Myanmar
- Disaster Risk Reduction for Safe & Resilient Burmese Coastal Communities
- The Programme for Development and Rehabilitation of Community in Ethnic Minority Area, Myanmar
- Myanmar Climate Change Alliance (MCCA)
- Rebuilding Homes-Rebuilding Lives – Coastal Settlements Sustainable Recovery (CSSR)
- Rebuilding Homes-Rebuilding Lives – Coastal Settlements Support Programme (CSSP)
- Coastal Communities Livelihood Assistance Programme (CLAP)
- Disaster Response & Preparedness – Resilient Coastal Communities and Urban Risk (DRP-CURB)
- Shelter Improvement and Disaster Risk Reduction Project
- Community Water Supply and Sanitation Recovery
- Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR)
- Support to the Coordination of Early Recovery Shelter Interventions-Shelter Cluster Lead
- Semi-permanent Schools in Ayeyarwady Delta in Myanmar / Multi-purpose Schools in Ayeyarwady Delta in Myanmar