Background and Objectives
On the morning of December 26, 2004, the Indonesian island of Sumatra was hit by two inter-connected disasters - a powerful earthquake followed by a massive tsunami. The economic loss resulting from the disaster amounted to US$4.5 billion or 2.3 per cent of Indonesia's GDP. Between 90,000 and 125,000 new houses needed to be built, and another 40,000 had to be repaired. The Aceh Nias Settlements Support Programme aimed to assist approximately 3,600 households in 21 communities affected by the tsunami disaster in six affected districts, including Nias and Simeulue, which were most affected by the second earthquake in March 2005.
The overall objective was to strengthen government response capacity to reduce vulnerability resulting from the loss of housing, livelihoods and displacement by: promoting good governance and management at local government level; recover livelihoods by rebuilding communities and improving environmental and social conditions in the affected settlements.
Donors: UNDP, Govt. of Japan, Govt. of the United Arabs Emirates and the UAE Red Crescent Society, Govt. of Norway, Govt. of Germany, Fomento Social Banamex AC Mexico, Netherlands Association of Housing Corporations, VARA Broadcasting Corporation, Coca Cola Company, International Community Foundation Asia Society, UNFIP, the Citizens of Fukuoka Japan, UNV
Partners: Government of Indonesia, Aceh Nias Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Agency (BRR), Provincial Government of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Department of Roads and Human Settlements, Banda Aceh Municipal Government Planning Board, State University Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, United Nations Office of the Recovery Coordinator (UNORC), District Recovery Forums of all local administrations in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Teluk Dalam subdistrict administration, South Nias District
The main activities included:
* Identifying villages through discussion with local district authorities and consultation at community-level;
* Re-establishing community councils in the targeted areas as a framework for managing the project;
* Disseminating and promoting the integration of community-based disaster management approaches to ensure higher levels of survival in the event of another tsunami;
* Undertaking community mapping exercises, followed by Community Action Planning (CAP) with villagers, assisted by the regional coordinator and field facilitators to agree upon land ownership rights, the overall settlement design, and house designs;
* Agreeing upon community infrastructure priorities.
* Supporting the establishment of community contracting and building committees, along with their governance structures;
* Coordinating the release and accounting of housing and community infrastructure grants;
* Providing technical support to local artisans during the rebuilding process;
* Monitoring and reporting the construction progress.
* 3,450 permanent houses constructed and handed over (December 2008), Village plans updated for 23 communities through a participatory process, where the village plan reflects a common consensus and people's priorities and needs;
* Guidelines for community mapping and Community Action Planning preparation developed and validated, which are being followed by all organizations involved in village plan formulations;
* Social changes (due to construction activities) and economic recovery set in motion, as housing is a powerful incentive for some families to mobilize additional resources;
* Broad technical and housing policy support to Aceh Nias Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Agency implemented.
- Nias and Simeulue Settlements Support Programme
- Aceh Nias Settlements Support Programme (ANSSP)
- Slum Upgrading Facility in Indonesia (SUF) (Completed)
- Institutionalising Poverty-focused City Development Strategies (CDS) in Iindonesia (Completed)
- Community-based Initiatives for Housing and Local Development (COBILD) (Completed)
- Breakthrough Urban Initiatives for Local Development (BUILD) (Completed)
- Partnerships for Local Economic Development (PLED/KPEL) (Completed)