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Phnom Penh - Partnership for Urban Poverty Reduction - Phase II - Slum Upgrading (Completed)

Background

The success of previous projects supporting urban poor in Phnom Penh led to the launch of a new project: Partnership for Urban Poverty Reduction Phase-II in 2004, with the primary aim of according adequate human dignity to the urban poor. This is achieved by enabling communities to form local institutions or community organizations that manage ensure community consultations on local problems and priorities, and then by financing the execution of site improvements schemes they identify. The communities initiate negotiations with the municipality on various issues, thereby building a working link between the communities and the municipality.

Objectives are to strengthen the self-confidence, competence and dignity of the urban poor by reducing their poverty, vulnerability and social exclusion through directly empowering their communities to improve their access to affordable basic services and better living environments; to optimise the outcomes of the community based infrastructure and basic services provision in slum and squatter settlements in Phnom Penh from a range of lessons learnt of the first phase; to promote the direct involvement of the poor communities in the design and implementation of improvement activities; and to assist the Municipality in achieving the target of “improving 100 slum-squatter settlements per annum,” a commitment made by the Prime Minister in May 2003 as well as to support the Municipality to implement policies formulated.

Results

*Over 160 new community organizations have been formed and more than 350 community based infrastructure and urban basic services such as footbridges, concrete lanes, drainage, toilets, and drinking water have been built by communities themselves;
*It is estimated that more than 31,000 families have benefited from such improvements;
*There has been consensus amongst community members, the Municipality and the project staff that because of the project participating communities have greater sense of ownership of the project and its outputs;
*The poor communities have a more positive perception of themselves and the local authorities by becoming a part of municipal decision-making;
*Improvement of human dignity of the slum settlements through improved living conditions.

The Trust Fund for Human Security

The Trust Fund for Human Security was established in 1999 in the United Nations. By FY 2002, the Government of Japan had contributed total amount of some 22.9 billion yen, making the Trust Fund the largest of its kind established in the UN.

Development Partners / Partners

Development Partners: United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security
Partners: Municipality of Phnom Penh


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