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Afghanistan


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Learning for Community Empowerment Programme
(LCEP Phase 2)

Background and Objectives

More than two decades of instability has led to about six million people becoming refugees and IDPs in Afghanistan. About four million have returned, most of them to urban centres - particularly Kabul and other major cities. The sheer magnitude of the urban growth has been unprecedented - Kabul, for example, jumped from 1.8 million in 1999 to more than 4 million persons by 2006 - and far beyond the capacity of central and local governments to address this issue. The project through its support to policy formulation at the Ministry of Urban Development, studies the issue in depth and works with the government to develop appropriate strategies.

At the same time, the project provides assistance to the returnee/IDP households residing in the Sheikh Mesri Township, in Nangarhar Province, near Jalalabad City and in parts of Kabul City. This aims to support the reintegration of returnees and IDPs by reducing the social, political, financial, and physical obstacles which impede their ability to develop sustainable livelihoods and become integrated into the surrounding communities.. Interventions are targeted at the household, neighbourhood, district and municipal levels, reaching more than 30 neighbourhoods, 450 vulnerable households who will be provided with adequate shelter. 50% of the women will be trained and engaged in productive skills in income generation activities.

Activities

The main activities include:
* Formulating relevant, pro-poor, urban policies and laws;
* Preparing methodology and guidelines to prepare neighbourhood development plans;
* Providing technical support and capacity building to Kabul Municipality to prepare detailed layout plans of priority areas;
* Priority basic infrastructure/services delivered in Kabul and Jalalabad;
* Motivating selected central agency staff and Kabul and Jalalabad municipality staff and capable of discharging selected functions;
* Organizing 30 neighbourhoods with community development councils and preparing 30 CAPs;
* Registering households with properties leading to improve tenure security;
* Empowering 450 vulnerable households with adequate shelters;
* Empowering selected individuals (50% women) in productive skills and engaged in income generation activities.

Results (2009)

* In Kabul, 40 new CDCs (20 for male and 20 for female) and 10 ADCs (Area Development Council) have been established;
* 24 community-led sub-projects at CDC level and 3 of these at ADC level have been completed;
* 312 shelters have been completed in Kabul;
* In Jalalabad, 20 new CDCs (10 for male and 10 for female) and 6 ADCs have been established;
* 17 community-led sub-projects at CDC level and 4 of these at ADC level have been completed;
* 142 shelters have been completed in Jalalabad;
* The community-led sub-projects include construction of drainages, culverts, canals, water supply network extension and embroidery training and carpet waving for women.

Development Partners / Partners

Development Partners: European Commission
Partners: Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Ministry of Interior (MoI), and Kabul City, Jalalabad City, Sheikh Mesri Township, Nangarhar Province


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